It is a stop for most coaches traveling from the capital to the regions of the country.
The distance between Baku and Kurdamir is 200 km. The district was established in 1930. The district is located on the Shirvan plain and stretches along the left bank of the Kura River. The Girdman and Akhinchay flow in the southern part of the district. Most the district’s territory has a lowland terrain and is below sea level. It has hot summers and a moderate, hot and semi-desert and arid climate. Wormwood, saline weeds, semi-desert, meadow and marsh plants are dominant here. It is an agricultural district. Cotton is the main asset here. At the same time, Kurdamir is regarded as the homeland of the famous Shirvanshah sort of grapes. Local craftswomen still weave carpets known under the name of Silyan.
Although the place-name is interpreted as Kurd-Amir, Gurd-Amir, etc., in fact, there is a need for another interpretation. For example, since most of the territories on the Kura plain are flooded, Kurdamir means a place untouched by the Kura, that’s to say a place unaffected by floods. Kur means hot or bustling here. In this case, the place-name can also be interpreted as hot iron.
|• Shafgat sanatorium
The Shafgat sanatorium, which is located on the left side of the Kurdamir-Imishli road, near Mollakand on the bank of the Kura River and at a distance of 25 km from the district center, is working on the basis of a radon hot water spring coming from a place called Jarli. It can cater for 50 people at a time. There is also a swimming pool here. When an exploratory oil well was drilled in Kurdamir in 1971, hot water gushed from a depth of 3,200 meters. This yellowish water has a specific smell. It is thermal and comes out at a temperature of +93. After many years of research, all the minerals contained in the water were discovered. It is regarded as the only resort which has water containing medicinal doses of natural radon. The medicinal water contains the medicinal properties of resorts like Pyatigorsk, Sochi, Saaki, Tskhaltuba, Bilgah, Naftalan and Shikhov. It is useful for treating cardiovascular diseases, the locomotive system, the nervous system, gynecological diseases, metabolic disturbances and other diseases.